The Theories of Personality

A person compounds of the traits, behaviour and the mannerism. It is influenced by personal as well as outer influences. It is a broad subject that has been explained in many theories.
Following are theories of personality explained to you-
  1. Traits Theory
    Under this method, nature characterises an individual. It is associated with the way they behave. The temperament differs from person to person.
    There are three kinds of traits
    A) Cardinal traits - These are uncommon traits which carve apart individuals, according to their peculiar characteristic. They develop later in life. They can be useful, noble, evil, selfish etc
    B) Central Traits - They refer to the soft traits of the personality. These are the qualities which lay the foundation of one’s character. They can be intelligent or honest.
    C) Secondary traits - This behaviour is evident only when confronted with any particular situation. A few examples can be being anxious or angry.
  2. Psychoanalysis Theory
    It was figured out by Sigmund Freud. His ideology establishes a relationship between the conscious and the subconscious mind. It is to liberate the fears of an unconscious mind. The practitioner performs hypnotism on the patients. This study is an assistance to open up the patients who are closed and suffering inwards. They make the personality toxic. The subconscious and conscious are controlled to heal the individual.
  3. Social Cognitive Theory
    It defines that the people whom we come across, influence our social behaviour. Our mind replicates the patterns as we observe others. Many of us have role models. People follow them and replicate their behaviour in their lives .The behaviour is also affected by the kind of goals that the individuals set for them. The conduct differs accordingly.
  4. Humanistic Theory
    This theory lays its foundation in the essential goodness of the human nature. It respects the existence of being a human being. It talks about the realising one’s self-worth. In this theory, it is followed that the present is essential. It walks around understanding psychologically healthy people. They take responsibility for their actions.The outside influences trigger the reaction; they do not stamp a person for being good, bad or impatient. This theory helps grow the persona of an individual as it believes in attaining regular knowledge and self-growth.
  1. Behavioral Theory
    This approach talks about how the influences that we gather in the life shape our personality. It supports that the behaviour is impromptu to the situation that we go through. Therefore in this theory, it is believed that the conduct of the individuals can be explained without even considering the internal mental state and consciousness of the mind. In it, it is thought that a learner is a passive person influenced by the outside influences.
    The negative characteristics can be controlled with the fear of reprimand. Under this theory, major work of this approach has been conducted on the animals first.